Kopar Khairane
National

Why Is ASI Conducting a ‘Scientific Survey’ at the Gyanvapi Mosque Complex?

<p>The “scientific survey” of the Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, by the Archaeological assessment of India (ASI), has been put on hold by the Supreme Court till the evening of July 26.<img decoding=”async” loading=”lazy” class=”alignnone wp-image-92766″ src=”https://www.theindiaprint.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/07/theindiaprint.com-why-is-asi-conducting-a-scientific-survey-at-the-gyanvapi-mosque-complex-download-2023-07-24t181623.188.jpg” alt=”” width=”1501″ height=”873″ srcset=”https://www.theindiaprint.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/07/theindiaprint.com-why-is-asi-conducting-a-scientific-survey-at-the-gyanvapi-mosque-complex-download-2023-07-24t181623.188.jpg 294w, https://www.theindiaprint.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/07/theindiaprint.com-why-is-asi-conducting-a-scientific-survey-at-the-gyanvapi-mosque-complex-download-2023-07-24t181623.188-150×87.jpg 150w” sizes=”(max-width: 1501px) 100vw, 1501px” /></p>
<p>The judgment from the supreme court came after the mosque’s management committee petitioned the court to overturn the Varanasi district court’s decision to permit the survey.</p>
<p>The Varanasi court had earlier mandated an extensive survey of the Gyanvapi mosque’s barricaded area by ASI, excluding its sealed section, to determine whether the mosque was constructed over an earlier Hindu temple. The court held that the scientific investigation was “necessary” for the “true facts” to emerge.</p>
<p>What results will the ASI survey of the Gyanvapi mosque reveal?<br />
Gyanvapi mosque territory The mosque’s blocked section will be the site of the scientific study. It will determine whether a Hindu temple was there before the mosque was constructed. Its sealed part won’t be included in the survey.</p>
<p>Three domes: In addition to the western wall and the whole complex, the ASI will also perform a study of the three domes of the Gyanvapi complex.</p>
<p>Shivling: The walled “wazukhana” is a building that was asserted by Hindu litigants as the location of the “shivling.”</p>
<p>When will ASI provide the court with its report?<br />
Prior to the next hearing on August 4, the ASI will turn in its report.</p>
<p>Gyanvapi mosque case: In 1991, the year before the Babri Masjid was demolished, a group of sadhus in Varanasi petitioned the court to be allowed to perform their religious rites on the grounds of the Gyanvapi mosque.</p>
<p>Thirty years later, in 2021, the Allahabad High Court suspended an ASI assessment of the site to ascertain if a Hindu temple was partly demolished to construct the 17th-century mosque, staying proceedings in the Kashi Vishwanath Mandir-Gyanvapi Masjid lawsuit in a Varanasi court.</p>
<p>How did the present Gyanvapi mosque issue begin?<br />
When five Hindu ladies brought a lawsuit before the court, the present dispute sprang out. Within the compound of the Gyanvapi mosque, they tried to worship the Shringar Gauri and other idols.</p>
<p>A commission was constituted by the court to survey and record the Gyanvapi-Gauri Shringar complex’s basements. The mosque committee objected to the survey, claiming that the court-appointed advocate commissioner lacked the authority to video within the mosque’s grounds. As a result, the study was put on hold.</p>
<p>Two basements of the Gyanvapi-Gauri Shringar complex were surveyed and videotaped by the committee after the procedure was restarted on May 14 under heavy security measures.</p>
<p>What dispute surrounds the Gyanvapi mosque?<br />
Following the plea, the Uttar Pradesh court mandated a video study of the Gyanvapi mosque complex in April of last year.</p>
<p>The survey report was previously required to be turned in by May 10. However, there was a delay since the mosque committee and the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board contested the ruling.</p>
<p>The survey of the Gyanvapi mosque was completed on May 16.</p>
<p>A “Shivling,” according to the Hindu side in the dispute, was allegedly discovered during the survey inside a reservoir on the mosque compound. The Muslim side, on the other hand, denied the assertion and said it was only a “fountain.”</p>
<p>Politics surrounding the Gyanvapi Mosque controversy: During the campaign to build the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya and the Krishna Janmabhoomi-Shahi Idgah Masjid in Mathura, the Ram Mandir-Gyanvapi Mosque dispute was brought up by the BJP, the Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP), and the RSS. They said that all three mosques were constructed after the destruction of Hindu temples.</p>
<p>As both sides—Hindus and Muslims—have strengthened their positions, the issue has taken the predictable path. According to Deputy Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Keshav Prasad Maurya, the survey revealed the reality.</p>
<p>The Places of Worship Act, 1991, which tries to safeguard the status quo of 1947 with regard to all places of worship, was allegedly violated by the court ruling permitting videotaping, according to the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB). The Act became operative on July 11, 1991.</p>
<p>Why is the dispute around the Gyanvapi mosque significant before the Lok Sabha elections in 2024?<br />
One of the many mosques the right wing claims were constructed on the remains of Hindu temples is the Gyanvapi mosque, which is situated in Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s electoral district.</p>
<p>Along with Ayodhya and Mathura, it was one of the three temple-mosque rows that the BJP advocated for in the 1980s and 1990s.</p>

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